More than 43,500 bridges are rated in poor condition and classified as ‘structurally deficient’, according to the analysis by Dr Alison Premo Black, chief economist at the American Road & Transportation Builders Association (ARTBA). The analysis is based on information downloaded from the US Department of Transportation’s National Bridge Inventory (NBI) database on 3 January 2022.
The number of structurally deficient bridges declined by 1,445 compared to 2020. However, at the current pace, it would take nearly 30 years to repair them all, says the report.
New federal investment under the Infrastructure Investment & Jobs Act will provide additional resources for state highway programmes over the next five years, plus two new programmes just for bridge repair.
ARTBA estimates the cost of identified repairs for all 224,000 bridges, including the 43,578 that are structurally deficient, is US$260bn. Its calculations are based on average repair and replacement cost data published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and submitted by bridge owners.
Structurally deficient bridges represent 7% of the 2021 U.S. bridge inventory—compared to 7.3% in 2020, says the report.
There were 4,361 bridges newly classified as structurally deficient in 2021. At least 3,044 bridges that were structurally deficient in 2020 were removed from that list in 2021.
Nearly half of the 619,588 U.S. bridges - 48% - are rated in fair condition. This means that the bridge shows some evidence of minor deterioration or minor cracks. The number of bridges in fair condition grew by 2,916 in 2021, reaching 297,888 structures.
ARTBA pointed out that the federal Infrastructure Investment & Jobs Act (IIJA), signed into law in November 2021, provides states with additional resources to make long overdue infrastructure improvements, including bridge repairs.
Under a new IIJA bridge formula programme, the US Department of Transportation (USDOT) announced in January that it would disburse more than US$27.5bn to states for bridge repairs over the next five years. Another new IIJA-created discretionary bridge programme, which will be administered by the USDOT, will provide US$12.5bn for projects that will be awarded through to 2026.
State DOTs can also use federal highway fund schemes, such as the National Highway Performance Program and the Surface Transportation Block Grant Program, for bridge improvements. The total for all state-focused formula programmes is expected to increase from US$45bn in the 2021 financial year to US$59bn in 2022.